BSc Courses

Program of Plant Physiology Subjects

Cell physiology, unit of structure and function, membranes, chloroplasts, mitochondria. Energetics of metabolism, chemiosmotic theory. Water management, water potential, water uptake, water transport, transpiration, water balance. Mineral metabolism, essential elements, deficiency symptoms, uptake and transport of dissolved substances, nitrogen metabolism. Light and carbon reaction phases of photosynthesis. Respiration. Physiology of plant growth and development, plant hormones. Impact of external factors on plant development and growth. Stress physiology, water stress, impact of low and high temperature on plants.

 

Program of Plant Biotechnology Subjects

Metabolism of plant tissue cultures, culture media. Somatic cell cultures. Tissue differentiation, plant regeneration, somatic embryogenesis. Biotechnology of sexual reproduction (embryo cultures, in vivo and in vitro embryo development, triploid and haploid cultures, in vitro fertilization, biotechnology of apomixis). Biotechnology of asexual reproduction (cultures of vegetative organs, meristem culture, in vitro vegetative micropropagation, in vitro gene bank). Plant protoplasts. Isolation of mutants in cell and tissue culture (somaclonal, gametoclonal variability). Genetically modified (GM) plants (biotic stress-resistant transgenic plants, abiotic stress-resistant transgenic plants, transgenic plants with modified metabolism, transgenic plants modified in their development). Legislative regulation of plant gene technology. Microalgae biotechnology.

 

Program of the Subject “From Organic Food to Gene Technology

The course provides an overview on production of plant-based bio products (organic production); on natural ingredients found in plants; on their area of application (luxury products, food additives, animal feeds, pharmaceuticals, etc.); on traditional and modern gene technology methods for improving plants (breeding); on the use of plants with changed characteristics. Our objective is: enlightening the real and presumed contradictions between organic farming and plant gene technology, as well as outlining the possible interfaces of these two areas.

 

Neptun-code

Name of the subject

MANABNN2723

Plant physiology

MKNABNN2825

Plant physiology

MMNABNN2925

Plant physiology

MNNABNN5923

Plant physiology

MNLABNN8123

Plant physiology

MMLABNN3025

Plant physiology

MKLABNN5225

Plant physiology

MÁLABNN5723

Plant physiology

 

MNNABNN6042

Plant biotechnology

MNLABNN8242

Plant biotechnology

 

Optional subjects:

M5NCBNN3112

Plant biotechnology

M6NCBNN5612

From organic food to gene technology