Mosonmagyaróvár Algal Culture Collection (MACC)

The beginning of microalgae biotechnology was originated from 1890 when Beijerinck created the first bacteria-free (axenic) Chlorella culture by microbiological methods used that time. Microalgae biotechnology calls strain culture or microalgae strain of the culture of isolated microalgae. The mass isolation and maintenance of strains in algae collections was started by Pringsheim in the 1910s. The majority of European algae collections consist of microalgae strains isolated from water.

When we established the Mosonmagyaróvár Algal Culture Collection (MACC), our main goal was to isolate valuable or preferably valuable soil algae. The French Thalia Pharmaceuticals company provided considerable financial resources from 1995 to 1997 for establishing a collection that contains partly own isolated and other algae strains from collections that are hard to find. The MACC is Europe's 13th largest strain collection and in term of soil algae, the third largest microalgae collection. The MACC consists of 970 strains from which 588 are soil algae. Among the own isolated 307 Brazilian and 78 Hungarian soil algae strains there are 50 cyanobacteria and 385 eukaryotic algae. We started the clarification of the taxonomic classification of these strains by molecular biology methods. Half of the collection (509 strains) provides 6 genera which are important for microalgae biotechnology: there are 82 Anabaena and 57 Nostoc cyanobacteria, and 122 Chlorella, 106 Scenedesmus, 72 Chlorococcum and 70 Chlamydomonas green algae.

In the last 20 years, we studied the agricultural utilization of microalgae within the framework of international and national cooperation. The most important topics were the plant hormone production; efficacy against plant pathogenic fungi; volatile organic compounds and lipid production used for biofuel production.